How to Build a Diversified Investment Portfolio

Investing is a long-term investment strategy. Building an appropriate investment portfolio based on your risk tolerance and time horizon can help you realize your financial goals more quickly.

Diversification refers to spreading your investments across various assets so that if one investment takes a hit, your entire savings won’t vanish all at once. Diversifying can be accomplished in various ways such as mutual funds and ETFs which offer instant diversification solutions.


Stocks are an integral component of a diversified investment portfolio. A balanced investment strategy should comprise stocks from various sectors in order to reduce risk and ensure gains don’t become dependent upon any one sector alone.

Diversifying a portfolio should involve investing in various stocks from different categories – technology, energy, consumer and small cap – while taking advantage of small cap and large cap opportunities.

Bonds can help diversify a portfolio by offering lower correlations with stocks than stocks do and providing steady income for investors. Other diversifying investments include real estate, currencies and alternative investments.


“Don’t put all your eggs in one basket.” By diversifying a portfolio with bonds, diversification helps lower overall risk by providing income and acting as a hedge against stock market fluctuations.

Bonds come with various levels of creditworthiness and potential returns, from Treasury bonds to investment-grade corporate bonds. When investing in bonds, investors are loaning money directly to an issuer such as a government entity or corporation that issues them.

Building a diversified bond portfolio requires either purchasing individual bonds or ETFs such as index or target-date funds – or both!

Money Markets

When investing, diversification can help protect against the risk of your nest egg being cracked by helping keep returns steady even during turbulent markets.

Diversifying a portfolio requires investing across various asset classes, such as stocks, bonds, real estate funds, international securities and cash. Furthermore, within each asset class it’s also wise to look for investments with low correlations – this way your risk can be spread out as much as possible.

Examples of investments with low correlations include Treasuries, corporate bonds with varying maturities and municipal bonds. A diversified portfolio should also contain assets untethered from market performance such as gold or real estate.

Real Estate

Real estate and infrastructure may not be ideal alternatives investments, but many believe they provide significant diversification benefits in a portfolio. Just like stocks and bonds, these risk-reducing investments could potentially provide higher rewards with reduced risk exposure.

Real estate investing requires diversification to be successful; this can be accomplished by mixing income-producing opportunities with equity multiple driven deals, investing up and down the capital stack on each deal, as well as diversifying across property types (single family homes, multifamily properties and commercial properties) as well as geographic regions – each presents its own level of risk that investors are willing to accept in return for potentially higher long-term returns. When properly executed, a well-diversified real estate portfolio can make an invaluable addition to any investment strategy.


International investments offer investors access to opportunities they wouldn’t find within their home country, such as faster long-term growth rates in certain nations compared to the U.S. These could make international investments an attractive prospect.

Diversification cannot guarantee gains or protect against losses, but it can help lower market volatility by spreading out risk among multiple investments such as stocks, bonds and cash – among them real estate, alternative investments (including cryptocurrency ), and gold.

Create a balanced portfolio by investing in ETFs and mutual funds that track broad stock indexes. Such funds may be less expensive than purchasing individual international stocks; make sure to rebalance it periodically so it stays at its optimal weight; investing in multiple assets gives you the best chance at meeting your investment goals while mitigating risk.

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