A share market, equity market or share brokerage is an arrangement where a particular type of entity exchanges shares with another entity. These can include securities registered on a public share exchange, in comparison to trading in shares on an exchange such as the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) or the London Stock Exchange (LSE). A share market can be a direct exchange between entities, such as a corporation and its common share holders, or it can be a market place where traders and investors meet together in the form of a panel or exchange. There are many types of share markets, each having their own characteristics.
The New York Stock Exchange is a share market that serves the New York community. This exchange traded markets allows traders and investors to buy and sell shares of stock at the prevailing market price. It also provides information on various companies, and their financial and business data and information. The New York Stock Exchange trades stocks for individuals, companies and other entities on a regulated exchange. This is one of the largest and oldest exchanges in the world and is managed by a group of banks, broker dealers, corporate executives and other interested parties.
In a general share market you, as a shareholder, can trade in shares of a corporation that are then owned by you. You can trade in these stocks either through a broker or on your own through what is called share trading. There are advantages and disadvantages in both of these methods and you need to carefully consider your options before investing in any company.
With share trading you are able to buy and sell shares at usual trading hours and from anywhere in the world. There are no restrictions placed on buying and selling these shares. However, there are restrictions on how many shares can be bought and sold by a person during any one day. Usually the limit is around five shares per person.
With this kind of share market you don’t have to pay taxes or commissions on the transactions. You don’t even need a certificate of deposit (in the US) or a UK pension pin. If you invest in a certain amount of shares in the share markets, you can call your tax deferred until the end of the year when you get your money back. This is different from a normal stock market where you must pay the taxes on your investment immediately.
The disadvantage for an investor holding stocks in the share market is that it can be risky. Any investor is basically gambling. If the market takes a turn downward they could lose all of their money. It is not uncommon for investors to lose thousands of dollars in a single day. Also if the investment turns out to be a bad choice, an investor could find themselves with nothing when the dust clears.